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Lithium Hydroxide Monohydrate

Lithium hydroxide monohydrate is a compound used in various industrial applications, including the production of lithium-based batteries.

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SKU : Lithium hydroxide monohydrate
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What Is Lithium Hydroxide Monohydrate :

Lithium hydroxide monohydrate (LiOH.H2O) is a white crystalline solid that is highly soluble in water. It is commonly used as a lithium source in the synthesis of lithium-based compounds, as well as in the production of lithium-ion batteries, ceramics, and pharmaceuticals. In the battery industry, lithium hydroxide is particularly important as a cathode material, where it facilitates the storage and release of lithium ions during charge and discharge cycles.

Its high reactivity and ability to form stable complexes make it a valuable component in the manufacturing of advanced materials. Additionally, lithium hydroxide is employed in air purification systems aboard spacecraft and submarines due to its strong affinity for carbon dioxide, which it absorbs to produce lithium carbonate. Overall, lithium hydroxide monohydrate plays a crucial role in various technological and industrial processes, contributing to the advancement of energy storage, materials science, and environmental control.

Chemical Properties:

  • Formula: LiOH·H<sub>2</sub>O
  • Molecular weight: 41.96 g/mol
  • Appearance: White, crystalline solid
  • Density: 1.46 g/cm<sup>3</sup>
  • Melting point: 462 °C
  • Solubility: Highly soluble in water, moderately soluble in methanol, slightly soluble in ethanol, sparingly soluble in isopropanol
  • Hygroscopic: Yes

Medical Uses:

    • Bipolar disorder: Lithium salts, including lithium hydroxide, are the mainstay treatment for bipolar disorder, stabilizing mood by modulating neurotransmitter activity.
    • Depression: While primarily used for bipolar disorder, lithium may offer benefits for some individuals with treatment-resistant depression.
    • Cluster headaches: Used in preventive treatment for cluster headaches, thought to work by stabilizing serotonin levels.

Industrial Uses:

  • Lithium batteries: Primary component of electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries, enabling efficient energy storage and powering numerous devices.
  • Lubricants: Used in the production of lithium greases, offering high load-bearing capacity and resistance to extreme temperatures.
  • Soaps and detergents: Acts as a thickener and emulsifier in soap formulations, contributing to cleansing properties.
  • Polymerization: Initiator and catalyst in certain polymerization reactions, leading to the synthesis of various polymers.
  • Glass and ceramics: Employs it to etch glass and ceramics, creating desired patterns and designs.


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