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Lithium Carbonates

Lithium carbonate is a medication primarily used to treat bipolar disorder. It helps stabilize mood swings by regulating neurotransmitter activity in the brain.

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SKU : Lithium Carbonate
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What Is Lithium Carbonate :

Lithium carbonate is a psychiatric medication classified as a mood stabilizer. It is primarily prescribed for the management of bipolar disorder, a mental health condition characterized by alternating episodes of depression and mania. Lithium carbonate works by altering the balance of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly serotonin and norepinephrine, which are involved in mood regulation. It also influences the activity of the enzyme glycogen synthase kinase-3, which plays a role in intracellular signaling pathways related to mood regulation.

By stabilizing mood swings, lithium carbonate helps individuals with bipolar disorder achieve greater stability in their emotions and behavior. However, it requires careful monitoring of blood levels due to its narrow therapeutic range and potential for toxicity. Common side effects include gastrointestinal discomfort, tremors, and increased thirst. Despite its side effects and the need for monitoring, lithium carbonate remains a cornerstone in the treatment of bipolar disorder and is considered highly effective in many cases.

Chemical Properties:

  • Formula: Li₂CO₃
  • Appearance: White, odorless powder
  • Solubility: Moderately soluble in water
  • Melting point: 723°C

Medical Uses:

  • Mood stabilizer: Treats manic episodes and helps prevent their recurrence in bipolar disorder. It works by stabilizing mood swings and regulating neurotransmitters in the brain.
  • Dosage: Taken orally under strict medical supervision due to a narrow therapeutic range.
  • Side effects: Can include tremor, thirst, and fatigue. Careful monitoring of blood lithium levels is crucial.

Industrial Uses:

  • Lithium-ion batteries: A key component in the cathode, enabling high energy density and rechargeable cycles.
  • Glass and ceramics: Strengthens and reduces thermal expansion.
  • Aluminum processing: Facilitates the production of high-purity aluminum.
  • Other applications: Lubricants, greases, fluxes, and refrigerants.


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